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Barbara Warren
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Barbara Warren   My Press Releases

LIFESTYLE AND DISEASE PREVENTION

Published on 6/23/2017
For additional information  Click Here

Physical activity should be promoted throughout adulthood, as appropriate to the physical capabilities of the individual.  Physical activity not only improves bone health, but it also helps to optimize weight control, metabolic parameters, muscle strength, and cardiovascular fitness.  Programs that have demonstrated skeletal benefits have all included impact activities or resistance-training exercises, including walking, jumping, jogging, running, soccer, racquet sports, weight lifting, dancing, hiking, and stair climbing.

To promote bone and overall health, adult patients should be encouraged to accomplish at least 30 minutes per day of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, preferably all, days of the week. Some strength or resistance training can be particularly beneficial to bone health. Engaging in longer periods of moderate activity and increasing the intensity of activity (i.e., at least 20 minutes of vigorous intensity activity) are the best ways to promote cardiovascular health.

Initiating and maintaining a program is a significant challenge for sedentary patients. Patients should be encouraged to engage in even small amounts of daily activity, since these activities may have some health benefits. Some individuals may find it easier to start with manageable goals that incorporate physical activity into their everyday activities, such as parking farther from their destination or using the stairs instead of the elevator. Long-term compliance with fitness routines may be enhanced by enlisting the support of family members or friends, advocating moderate intensity that is within the person’s capabilities, devising programs that individuals can accomplish at home, offering flexibility in activity choices, and providing feedback and incentives (Weight Control and Physical Activity International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Handbooks of Cancer Prevention, 2002. http://www.iarc.fr/).

Participating in a physical activity that the individual enjoys, such as gardening, a walk with a friend, or a community exercise or dance class, also helps maintain compliance. People should be encouraged to find an activity they like enough to continue and to be ready to try a different program if they lose interest in the current one (Kahn, Emily B, et al. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2002; 22: 73-107).

Patient education materials, including pamphlets and videos with specific exercises and instructions for moving safely and maintaining optimal posture, can be obtained from the National Institute on Aging at http://www.niapublications.org or from the National Osteoporosis Foundation at http://www.nof.org.

 

References

National Institute on Aging.  www.niapublications.org

National Osteoporosis Foundation.  www.nof.org

Increasing Physical Activity: A Report on Recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC/Atlanta, USA, in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol.50/No RR-18, October 26, 2001. [Full details of the report available at www.cdc.gov/mmwr/]

The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic    Review. Kahn, Emily B, et al. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2002; 22: 73-107.

Weight Control and Physical Activity International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Handbooks of Cancer Prevention, 2002. http://www.iarc.fr/

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