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Cynthia Trethewey   My Press Releases

Differences Between Marijuana THC Oil, CBD Hemp Oil, and Plain Hemp Oil. Sativa, Endica, & Ruderalis

Published on 8/23/2017
For additional information  Click Here

By Cindy Trethewey

 

 

What is Cannabis?:
There is a lot of buzz going around today about cannabis. So let's break down the meaning of the word CANNABIS. The word cannabis comprises both marijuana strains (THC rich) which causes a psychoactive effect when smoked and hemp strains (with negligible THC content) which is used to make industrial products such as textiles, building materials, food (such as hemp seed hearts, plain hemp oil and CBD oil), animal feed, rope, paper, fuel, clothing, paint, and cosmetics.
                                

Definition of Cannabis Terms:

Cannabinoid = One of 85-120 chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant (the number of cannabinoids is unknown new ones are constantly discovered). Some cannabinoids are more prominent than others and recently science has identified their molecular structure and is delving into studies on their possible medicinal benefits in anecdotal and preliminary medical studies. None of the findings in this article are authorized by the Food and Drug Administration. According to the United States Federal Government, there are no known medicinal benefits for the cannabis plant in any variety. This is an oxymoron because 29 states plus the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana on the state level and 9 states plus the District of Columbia have legalized recreational marijuana. 
                        


To delve deeper into the chemical composition of cannabis (both marijuana and hemp) we need to define the meanings of each cannabinoid in cannabis and briefly describe what could be some of the possible medicinal benefits for each compound. These are not statements pointing to any cures at all. These are only statements made by researchers in possible preliminary findings and they are not endorsed by the FDA. However the FDA has made a public statement a few days ago (August of 2017)  rendering CBD to be beneficial to the human body without specifics.

The Most Prominent Cannabinoids in Cannabis and Their Possible Uses Are As Follows:

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) - The only cannabinoid with overt psychoactive functions when heated or cooked and ingested or smoked. THC has been known to relieve pain in chemo and radiation patients, reduces vomiting and nausea from chemo, stimulate the appetite, and suppresses muscle spasms in animal studies and in preliminary medical findings. THC in large doses or in isolation can create an anxiety effect. 

CBD (Cannabidiol) - Anecdotal and Preliminary Medical Findings of the Possible Medical Benefits of CBD is a Long List, Such As, But Not Limited To: 

  • anti-bacterial properties
  • neuroprotective
  • promotes healthy bones 
  • reduces seizures and convulsions in some people
  • reduce blood sugar levels along with a healthy alkaline diet
  • reduces inflammation and swelling
  • reduced risk of artery blockage along with a healthy alkaline diet
  • reduces small intestines contraction
  • reduces vomiting and nausea in cancer patients
  • analgesic
  • improves mood
  • improves mind clarity
  • suppresses muscle spasms
  • Sativa L. from hemp helps to improve a sensation of focus and alertness


CBG (Cannabigerol) - Anecdotal and Preliminary Medical Findings of the Possible Medical Benefits of CBG slows bacterial growth and reduces inflammation.

CBC (Cannabichromene) - Anecdotal and Preliminary Medical Findings of the Possible Medical Benefits of CBC reduces inflammation and reduces aches.

CBN (Cannabinol) - Anecdotal and Preliminary Medical Findings of the Possible Medical Benefits of CBN can make you sleepy and is slightly psychoactive. Topical uses also have shown promise in treating burns, as an anti-bacterial topical for skin issues. If the cannabis containing CBN is exposed to the air, the THC will begin to degrade and convert to CBN. Generally speaking there is very little CBN in the fresh leaf cannabis unless this degradation takes place. CBN is a great compound to fight sleep deprivation.


There are 68-120 known cannabinoids in cannabis (depending on in which expert you confer) that work together with another 420 chemical compounds such as terpenes, enzymes, flavonoids, proteins, sugars, omega fatty acids, sugars, esters, amino acids, proteins, amino fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. 

 

And it is this complexity that gives cannabis it's potential intrinsic health values. The famous cannabis researcher Raphael Mechoulam who discovered the THC compound also coined the term "Entourage Effect." This "Entourage Effect" is the theory that the whole plant extract is more beneficial to the body than extracted components in isolate form. 

 

For instance, the cannabinoid called CBD is a molecule and CBD can be isolated out as a single molecular compound. When CBD is isolated, it turns into a crystalline white powder diminishing some of its special capabilities. When the cannabinoids (CBD, CBDa, CBC, CBG and CBN), terpenes and other chemical compounds are intact in the cannabis plant, as nature intended, the components play off of each other with synergy inside the endocannabinoid system and science is only beginning to understand the system. For instance, various components of the whole cannabis plant are better absorbed and their attributes are maximized with minimal side effects. Until recently, not a lot of funding has gone into the overt and publicly published researched medical studies on cannabis. 

Cannabis Comes in Three Varieties: 

  • Sativa (comprising both marijuana and hemp) - This variety is thin and the tallest in size of all cannabis which can reach heights of up to 20 ft. tall. Sativas take longer to grow, mature and flower. They require greater sunlight and are more potent than the other strains. Sativa can typically be found below a latitude of 30° N, in places like India, Thailand, Nigeria, Mexico, and Colombia. Hemp comes from this variety of cannabis and is extremely low in THC, under .3%. Someone could smoke a garbage bag full of hemp and never get high. Sativas also come in strains very high in THC and these Sativas are generally preferred by smokers of the plant for the intoxication "high" users get is claimed to render a feeling of energy, focus, and creativity. CBD extracts generally come from the industrial hemp Sativa L. strain. as the preferred strain. 

 

  • Endica - This variety is short and wide. Endicas grow primarily in Afghanistan, Nepal, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tibet. Endicas mature more quickly than Sativa because of a higher chlorophyll count, generally maturing in 6-8 weeks. When smoked, this strain gives off a very stoned and sleepy feeling as described by smokers bordering paranoia when lacking enough CBD content. CBD oil can be extracted from Endica flowers as well, but Sativa is the general plant of choice for CBD extraction.

 

  • Ruderalis - Rarely discussed, this variety grows in the northern most regions. This strain is not highly psychotropic. It's tall and bushy like Sativa reaching to similar heights. It's used in hybrid cultivation to develop strains conducive to growing in colder climates.

 


Industrial Hemp (is rendered from the Sativa L. strain of cannabis): This is the variety of cannabis with the most uses, up until 1937 and the institution of that Marihuana Tax Act, hemp was used for about 10,000 products: food, clothes, fuel, sails for boats, canvas, textiles, biodegradable plastic, animal feed and building supplies (as pointed out earlier in this article). 

Industrial Hemp Originates From the Sativa L. Strain:

Hemp oil or hempseed oil is obtained by pressing hemp seeds. CBD is present in all hemp seeds in a variety of strengths depending on the strain. Hemp seed hearts are sold in a similar fashion as cereal and exude a nutty flavor and aroma. The hemp seed hearts when hulled are soft like oatmeal and can be added as a bakery good ingredient or sprinkled on soups, salads, or other food items for a protein source. Processed hemp seed is also given as a livestock feed. From Wikipedia: "Cold pressed, unrefined hemp oil is dark to clear light green in color, with a nutty flavor as well. The darker the color, the grassier the flavor.  Hemp oil or CBD hemp oils should not be confused with hash-oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flowers, hailed by some[1] for its medicinal qualities.[1][2] Hemp seed oil is comprised of the Sativa L. variety and the seeds themselves do not contain any THC. However, during the extraction processing, very minute amounts of THC may leach into the oil from residues from the leaves, but the amounts are insignificant." 

Hemp seed oil extract is quite popular now as an additive in skin lotions, shampoos, soaps, and other apothecaries and is even sold in vitamin capsules. Hemp seed oil's claim to fame as a nutritional food item is its perfect ratio of omega fatty acid 6 (linoleic acid)-(AL) and omega fatty acid 3 (alpha-linolenic acid)-(ALA), the ratio being 3:1 respectively, and is considered to be natures perfect ratio as such over any other food known. Just one tablespoon provides a full daily requirement of both AL and ALAs.  The first Model-T Ford automobile was powered by hemp seed oil. Hemp seed oil is lower in saturated fatty acids as compared to other oils. 

Additional Points of Interest Regarding Hemp Seed Oil:
- Low flash point is not conducive to frying foods.
- Lower quality hemp seed oils that lack antioxidants can go rancid easily if not stored properly in dark bottles in a cool location.
- Hemp seed oil can be frozen for short periods.
- Hemp seed oil may relieve symptoms of eczema.
- Hemp seed oil is used as an additive in resin, paint, solvent, ink, fuel, plastic and varnish.

Hemp seed oil is nutritious and full of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants such as vitamin A, C, and E. 
Hemp is very high in perfectly balanced levels of omega fatty acids. Hemp seed oil is much cheaper than its more expensive counterpart, CBD hemp oil, which is hemp oil too with a much higher CBD content.

  

 

 

1. "Hemp-Oil Medicine". High Times. November 2013. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 7,2013.

2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp_oil#cite_ref-2

 

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Any medical references or articles cited are for educational purposes only.

Safety Information:

  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • This product is not meant for individuals with a history of heart conditions.
  • Do not take if pregnant or nursing.
  • Consult your physician before starting a new dietary supplement.

 

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