Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid that has shown promise in the prevention of atherosclerosis (blockage of the arteries). L-arginine is pure 100% free form arginine and is the precursor for endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO). Three scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1998 for discovering nitric oxide's role as a vasodilator. In a healthy endothelium (inner wall of a blood vessel), nitric oxide (NO) will keep vessels pliable and elastic, dilate (open up) blood vessels keeping blood flowing smoothly, relax blood vessels, keep platelets and white blood cells calm and prevent them from sticking to the vessel wall, prevent oxidation, slow plaque growth, suppress atherosclerosis and melt away plaque that already exists.
After arginine is consumed in foods and in supplements, it makes its way into the bloodstream and circulates throughout the body. As it enters the endothelial cells that line the smooth muscle walls of blood vessels, an enzymatic reaction occurs that converts arginine to nitric oxide. As the levels of arginine rise in the body, so does your production of nitric oxide, which in turn can have a dramatic and positive effect on your cardiovascular health. There are over 85,000 medically published clinical studies attesting to the fact that arginine will help lower blood pressure, lower cholesterol and triglycerides, improve diabetes, improve sexual function, reduce blood clots and strokes, improve congestive heart failure, improve wound healing, improve liver and kidney function, improve memory and cognitive functions, increase human growth hormone (HGH), improve muscle growth and performance, and much more.
An amino acid which promotes energy, stimulates the immune system, and detoxifies ammonia, which damages living cells. L-citrulline is closely related to L-arginine and is found in many of the same protein-rich foods. In your body, L-citrulline is converted into L-arginine, which in turn increases the production of nitric oxide. This "turbo-charging" effect of the L-citrulline/L-arginine recycling pathway can, in fact, substantially increase nitric oxide production.
Vitamin D, calciferol, is a fat-soluble vitamin. D3 is normally produced in the skin by the action of sunlight, but is also obtained from certain foods. Dietary source are limited however, according to the American researchers. A glass of milk, for instance, contains only 100 units of the vitamin.
The major biologic function of vitamin D is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium, helping to form and maintain strong bones. It promotes bone mineralization in concert with a number of other vitamins, minerals, and hormones. Without vitamin D, bones can become thin, brittle, soft, or misshapen. Vitamin D prevents rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults, which are skeletal diseases that result in defects that weaken bones.
Researchers found the "natural" form of the vitamin, known as D3, can dramatically reduce the chances of developing breast, ovarian and colon cancer, as well as others.
Taking 1000 international units of the vitamin daily could lower an individual's cancer risk by 50-per cent, they said. A new study has linked a lack of sunshine, the body's most natural source of vitamin D, to the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, especially among people of color.
Factors that affect sunlight, and therefore vitamin D production, are tied to a patient's cardiovascular risks. In other words, the more sunlight you get, the better your cardiovascular health will be. These factors can include time of year, altitude, and geographical location.
There are a number of physiological mechanisms triggered by vitamin D production through sunlight exposure or dietary supplementation that act to fight heart disease, according to the study:
- An increase in the body's natural anti-inflammatory cytokines.
- The suppression of vascular calcification.
- The inhibition of vascular smooth muscle growth.
Getting the right amount of vitamin D treats and prevents a variety of ailments and diseases including:
- Protection against multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Prevention of diabetes
- Signals colon, breast and prostate cells to stop growing and succumb to programmed cell death.
- Prevents hip and knee arthritis, infertility, PMS, fatigue, depression, obesity, Autoimmune Disorders - Multiple Sclerosis, Sjogren's Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Thyroiditis and Cohn's Disease.
Is a powerful fat-soluble antioxidant that protects cell membrane from environmental pollution and from dietary and metabolic free radicals. This prevents the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol. By decreasing LDL cholesterol and plaque deposits on the walls of the arteries, it is one of the most important nutrients in reducing probability of heart attack, stroke and atherosclerosis. Vitamin E also helps alleviate respiratory problems and boost your immune system’s ability to fight off infectious disease.
Vitamin C (50% ascorbic acid & 50% Ester C)
Unlike most animals we cannot manufacture our own vitamin C and we must obtain it through our diet or in the form of supplementation. Also, stress – whether chemical, emotional, or physiological – depletes the body of vitamin C at a significantly increased rate.
Vitamin C works both inside and outside cells as your body’s first line of antioxidant protection. Not only does it neutralize harmful free radicals, it also prevents the formation of free radicals that initiate artery blockage by damaging artery walls. Studies at UCLA have shown that vitamin C inhibits the oxidation of the LDL cholesterol that leads to the buildup of plaque in the arteries, thus reducing heart attacks in men by 50%.
Vitamin C protects against the harmful effects of pollution, helps to prevent cancer, protects against infection, and enhances immunity. Vitamin C is essential in the formation of collagen and protects against blood clotting and bruising, and promotes the healing of wounds and burns. Vitamin C is also a key link within important enzymatic reactions, it helps regenerate oxidized vitamin E, increases the absorption of iron, and is involved in the production of hormones that regulate stress and inflammation, including adrenaline and corticosteroids.
At present, the weight of evidence concerning the bioavailability of Ester-C seems to indicate it is different from that of normal vitamin C, and it is appears to benefit from the presence of the threonate and other vitamin C metabolites which help improve its absorption and tissue uptake. Ester C gives 24 hour immune system support without any stomach irritation.
This vitamin enhances circulation and assists in blood formation, carbohydrate metabolism, and the production of hydrochloric acid, which is important for proper digestion. Thiamine also optimizes cognitive activity and brain function. It has a positive effect on energy, growth, normal appetite, learning capacity and is needed for muscle tone on the intestines, stomach, and heart. Thiamine also acts as an antioxidant, protecting the body from the degenerative effects of aging, alcohol consumption, and smoking.
This vitamin is necessary for blood cell formation, antibody production, cell respiration and growth. It alleviates eye fatigue and is important in the prevention and treatment of cataracts. It aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Vitamin B2 is essential for energy production and in regenerating glutathione, one of the main cellular protectors against free-radical damage.
This vitamin is needed for proper circulation and healthy skin. It also aids in the functioning of the nervous system. This vitamin is an antioxidant and is involved in the regulation of blood sugar and detoxification. It has been shown to exert a favorable effect on cholesterol levels.
B5 (pantothenic acid)
This vitamin is involved in energy production and is considered the “anti- stress” vitamin because of its importance for optimal adrenal function. It is required by all cells of the body and is concentrated in the organs. It is also involved in the production of neurotransmitters.
This vitamin is involved in more bodily functions than almost any other single nutrient. It affects both physical and mental health. Vitamin B6 is extremely important for the formation of proteins and structural compounds, neurotransmitters, red blood cells and prostaglandins. It is also critical in maintaining hormonal balance and proper immune function. Vitamin B6 plays a role in cancer immunity and aids in the prevention of arteriosclerosis. It inhibits the formation of a toxic chemical called homocysteine, which attacks the heart muscle and allows the deposition of cholesterol around the heart muscle. Vitamin B6 is also helpful in the in the treatment of allergies, arthritis, and asthma.
This vitamin plays a critical role in proper energy metabolism and immune and nerve function. It is essential to the manufacture and normal functioning of blood cells and for the production of nucleic acids, which make up DNA. B12 also helps maintain proper mental functioning and mood. Vitamin B12 is needed to prevent anemia. It aids folic acid in regulating the formation of red blood cells, and helps in the utilization of iron. It aids cell formation and cellular longevity. Vitamin B12 is linked to the production of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that assists memory and learning. Only tiny doses of B12 are needed to experience its benefits, but it is essential that you get enough B12 every day.
Cyanocobalamin is the most commonly supplemented form of vitamin B12, but you might be surprised to discover that this form of vitamin B12 does not actually occur in plants or animal tissues. In other words, outside of the chemically synthesized cyanocobalamin that you encounter as B12 in most vitamin supplements, you would be extremely hard pressed to find this compound in nature (in fact you would not be able to find it). As the name implies, cyanocobalamin contains a cyanide molecule. Most people are familiar with cyanide as a poisonous substance. Although the amount of cyanide in a normal B12 supplement is small and from a toxicology point, viewed as insignificant, your body will still need to remove and eliminate this compound. This removal is accomplished through your detoxification systems with substances like glutathione being very important for the elimination of the cyanide.
Compared with cyanocobalamin, it appears that methylcobalamin is better absorbed and retained in higher amounts within your tissues. In simple terms, they are used much more effectively. In general, methylcobalamin is used primarily in your liver, brain and nervous system.
Methylcobalamin is the specific form of B12 needed for nervous system health. Because of this it should be the first form of this vitamin thought of when interested in attempting to optimize the health of the nervous system with vitamin supplementation. Indications of a potential deficiency of B12 in the nervous system might include numbness, tingling, loss of feeling sensation, burning sensations, muscle cramps, nerve pain and slowness of reflexes.