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Leroy Ross
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Leroy Ross   My Press Releases

Smuggling vs. Trafficking

Published on 7/21/2014
For additional information  Click Here





Smuggling vs. Trafficking

Trafficking and smuggling are two different crimes, and law enforcement regards trafficked persons and smuggled persons in different ways. 
Trafficking involves: An element of coercion. A person cannot consent to enslavement.

A restriction of movement, withholding documents, providing low or no pay, etc.
Crime or violation against a person.
Subsequent exploitation and/or forced labor.
Trafficked persons are seen as victims by the law.
Smuggling involves: Unauthorized border crossings.
No coercion.

Facilitated illegal entry of person from one country to another.
Smuggled persons are seen as criminals by the law.

It is important to distinguish between trafficking and smuggling, in order to identify those who are trafficking victims and to provide appropriate services. 








Some Questions to Consider

If you are a service provider, the prophets House Anti-Trafficking Program recommends that you incorporate the following questions into your client assessment. Answers to these questions can reveal whether or not your client may be a victim of trafficking. These questions alone will by no means serve as a comprehensive assessment of a trafficking case. 

Did the person come to the United States for a specific job or other purpose?
Upon arrival, was the person forced to do different work than what he/she was promised?
Does the person have access to his/her personal documents, identification papers, etc.?
Does the person owe money to the employer?
Can the person leave his/her present situation?
Has the person been threatened with harm or deportation if he/she tries to leave?
Have family members been threatened?
Is the person's freedom restricted in any other way?





How We Help Human Trafficking Victims

Prophets House wants to be the nation’s largest provider of services for crime victims, and our Anti-Trafficking Program is how we provide support to human trafficking survivors. Established in 2012, the Anti-Trafficking Program has grown into the direct-service provider in the midwest.

Through the Anti-Trafficking Program, we assist women, men, and children who are victims of labor and  trafficking. Since its founding the Anti-Trafficking Program has helped in over 50 cases within and outside the Quad cities area, giving human trafficking survivors from more than 60 countries the means to truly escape modern-day slavery.




Leroy Ross




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